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# How to solve addition and subtraction of matrix

MATHEMATICS
MATRIX
What is matrix?
A matrix is a simple mathematical structure that holds numerical information in rectangular form, usually enclosed by a bracket.
What’s special about matrix is the values enclosed in a bracket, which cannot be in another mathematical calculation.
E.G Seyi’s school has its number of students in each of the SS class classified as follows:
Male female
SS1 14 8
SS2 6 12
SS3 21 18
The above information can be represented in matrix form.
Matrix A = 14 8
6 12
21 18
Matrix involves two ways, either the horizontal way or the vertical way.
Where the first row represents SS1, the second represent SS2 and the third SS3. Similarly, the first column is the number of male students and the second column for female students. It is customary to write a matrix in the form:
A = a11 a22 a33
a21 a22 a23
a31 a32 a33
three by three matrix.
B = b11 b12
b21 b22
two by two matrix.
The horizontal components:
a11 a12 a13 , a21 a22 a23 , a31 a32 a33 are the rows.you can visit http://Emperorelectricalworks.com.ng

while the vertical components
a11 or a12 or a13
a21 a22 a23
a31 a32 a33
are the column matrix.
You send #13200 to someone and the money hand, so you were so devastated that you want to cause troubled, in order to pacify this anger of yours the owner gave you #13200 that whenever it enters your account you should send him #13200, who lose or gain.

If A= 7 3 4
8 2 5
4 7 8

B = 3 2 4
4 3 4
8 3 3
Find (i) A+B (ii) A-B
Assuming you saw a question like this in your exam, won’t you be happy, because it is as simple as subtracting it according to how the value is placed in the brackets. It is just like giving you 1+1 won’t you be glad to say 2.
So we have,
A+B = 7+3 3+2 4+4

``````         8+4    2+3 4+5

4+8  7+3 8+3``````

= 10 5 8
12 5 9
12 10 11

(ii) A – B = 7-3 3-2 4-4
8-4 2-3 4-5
4-8 7-3 8-3

``````= 4 1    0
4   -1  -1
-4    4   5``````

Again let’s look at
A= 2 4
5
B= 3 4
7 8
C= 2 2
0
D = identity matrix
A+B-C-D
what are you going to do from here, okay i guess solving it one after the other will be better.

A+B = 2 4 + 3 4
3 5 7 8
= 5 8 – C
10 13
= 5 8 – 2 2
10 13 1 0
= 3 6 – D
9 13
= 3 6 – 1 0
9 13 0 1
= 2 6
9 12
Final answer. It’s easy, isn’t it.

YOU CAN DO IT

### Oluwamuyide Peter

On the 4th of November I officially became a member of the exclusive 1st student with distinction after five years of no such record, in the history of The Polytechnic Ibadan, Faculty of Engineering to graduate with distinction as a DPP students since its establishment in 2011. My unrelenting power to solve problems, have made me to create a platform where student can get valid information anywhere, anyplace at anytime Evolving education world wide 🌎